PCIe Gen5 SSD
PCIe Gen5 SSDs will be the future gold standard for data storage -- for peak-performance gamers, creators, and professionals who want to be part of the next-gen revolution in gaming and content creation. Read more
A solid state drive (SSD♋) is a newer type of computer storage. SSDs use flash memory to read and write data digitally. Since they don’t have to mechanically seek out data, SSDs deliver nearly instant boot and load times.For decades, computers stored data on hard disk drives (HDDs), which uses a spinning platter and an arm that moves across the platter to read each portion of data. The moving components in HDDs make them one of the most likely pieces of computer hardware to fail or break.
SSD technology operates entirely differently. Using a chip made with NAND flash memory, SSDs don't rely on any moving parts resulting in a more durable component.
In addition to being faster, SSDs are more durable because they don't have moving parts that can be broken or worn out. They also use less energy, saving battery life on portable devices like laptops. These are just a few examples of great SSD benefits, but there are several reasons why you should upgrade to an SSD.
There are two types of consumer SSDs: SATA and NVMe. Not all SSDs are compatible with every computer, so it’s important to know the type, form factor and interface of any drive you may buy.
The first type of SSD to be sold to consumers was a SATA (serial ATA) 2.5-inch driv☂e, which fits inside the drive bay designed to hold hard disk drives. Because many users replace their hard drives with solid state drives, the 2.5-inch drive has become a standard for all HDDs and SSDs. They are designed to minimize the need to replace the connecting AHCI (advanced host controller interface) cables, making the transition to a higher performance drive as easy as possible.
Crucial offers two types of 2.5-inch SSDs: the MX500 or the BX500.
The fastest SSDs on the market today are NVMe M.2ꦛ PCIe SSDs, which are about the size of a stick of gum. You may see them labelled interchangeably as M.2, PCIe, NVMe, or some combination of these terms, which can be confusing. To break it down simply, M.2 is the form factor of this technology, and was initially designed to mount expansion cards inside a PC. Combined with the PCIe (peripheral component interconnect express) interface, this technology allows data to be transferred faster than SATA. NVMe (non-volatile memory express) is a communication protocol developed specifically for SSDs that reduces CPU overhead and streamlines operations to increase input and output (I/O) per second and to lower latency — all of which increases the seed. When combined, NVMe, M.2 and PCIe technology creates the fastest storage products the market has ever seen — and they keep getting faster!
Crucial has four NVMe M.2 PCIe SSDs: the P2, the P3, the P3 Plus and the P5 Plus.
To determine which type of SSD is compatible with your system, use the Crucial® Advisor™ Tool or System Scanner tools and find out in just a few clicks.
An SSD is made of several memory chips installed on a circuit board. Micron, the parent company of Crucial, manufactures the flash memory chips in‑house on silicon wafers, similar to how Micron makes its computer memory.The wafers move through more than 800 operations, which take more than a month to complete. Throughout the process, many layers of materials are added to each wafer, including conductive materials such as copper and non-conductive materials like silicon dioxide. After each layer of material is applied, the wafer is coated with light-sensitive fluid. Ultraviolet light is then flashed onto it through a glass stencil of the electrical circuitry pattern. Where the light contacts the materials, they break down and dissolve. Where the materials are shielded by the stencil, they remain intact, which prints the circuitry pattern on the wafer. Chemical baths then wash away any residual material. After printing, each 30-centimeter wafer yields hundreds of chips, which must be sliced apart. After the chips are cut apart, they are inserted into a protective plastic housing. Large circuit boards are covered with tin alloy solder paste in the areas the memory chips and other components will be attached. A robot attaches the components to the board, then the assembled boards go into an oven that fuses the components to the board.
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